Get the list of Countries and Capitals - GK Notes in alphabetical order with the option of downloading it in PDF format for future reference. Country. Capital(s). Currency. Primary Language(s). Afghanistan. Kabul. Albania. Tirane. Albanian. Algeria. Algiers. Algerian Dinar. Andorra. Euro. Catalan. Questions regarding countries, capitals and their currencies are quite common in many of the major competitive exams such as SSC, UPSC,. IBPS, RRB, IAS.

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Tristan Higbee, Country. Capital. Afghanistan. Kabul. Albania of the. Costa Rica. San José. Cote d'Ivoire. Yamoussoukro. Croatia. Zagreb. Important Countries their Capitals and Currencies PDF covers the list of important countries and their Capitals in the world. It also tell us about. List of Countries, Capitals, Currencies PDF: Important Countries and their Capitals & Currencies,Countries Capitals & Currencies Explained in Detail,Static GK.

Flags of the world

Long-run trends in urbanization Urbanization over the very long-term In the chart below we see very long-term estimates dating back to 10, BC of the share of the population living in urbanized areas.

This is estimated across world regions, in addition to select countries. For most of our history humans lived in low-density, rural settings.

Prior to , it's estimated that the share of the world population living in urban settings did not reach 5 percent. By , this share reached 7 percent; and by had increased to 16 percent. It was not until the 20th century that urbanization across the world began to increase rapidly.

We zoom in on urban growth over the last years later in this entry , followed by more recent trends from onwards. Click to open interactive version Long-run trends in urban area As we would expect from trends in urban populations shown above , urban land area was absent or insignificant for most of human history.

This is shown in the chart below which estimates long-run urban area measured in square kilometres; km2 from 10, BC. Whilst these numbers seem large, it's important to put them in context of total land area. Data on urban shares dating back to are available only for select countries, with an estimated share at the global level.

Here we see clearly again that urbanization has largely been confined to the past years.


By , still over 90 percent of the global and country-level population lived in rural areas. Urbanization in the United States began to increase rapidly through the 19th century, reaching 40 percent by This rate of urbanization was, however, outpaced by Japan. Urban shares in Japan were low until the 20th century. This increased rapidly, reaching over half of the population by ; nearly 80 percent by , and surpassing the USA to over 90 percent today.

China and India had not dissimilar rates of urbanization until the late s. However, China's rate of urbanization increased rapidly over the s, and s.

Countries and Capitals – GK Notes in PDF

Over this year period its urban share more than doubled to 58 percent. India's rise has continued to steadily rise to 1-in-3 33 percent today. Recent urbanization Share of population in urban areas In the sections above we looked at the long history of urbanization. The chart below zooms in on trends in urbanization over the past 50 years. Using the timeline in the map below you can view how the share of the total population living in urban areas has changed since Here we see that across most countries, urban shares have been increasing.

The rate of change, however, varied significantly. Higher-income countries, particularly across Europe, North America and Australasia already had large urban populations in the midth century. Most had more than half of their population living in urban areas, with some exceeding 80 percent. For countries with initally high urban shares, this rate of increase was relatively slow over the second half of the century. Urbanization across many low-to-middle income countries has increased rapidly over the last 50 years.

Urban shares have more than doubled for many. In Nepal and Mali, for example, the share of people living in urban areas more than quadrupled; in Nigeria and Kenya, they more than tripled.

Today the majority of countries have more people living in urban areas than in rural. Click to open interactive version Number of people in urban and rural areas How many people in total live in urban and rural areas? The chart below shows the urban and rural population from onwards.

Using the "change country" function in the bottom-left of the chart, you can view this data across different countries and regions.

Here we see that in there were twice as many people in the world living in rural settings 2 billion versus urban 1 billion. Over the second half of the 20th century this gap closed, not as a result of absolute declines in rural population, but through rapid growth in urban areas.

Since the crossing point in , urban population has continued to increase rapidly whilst rural population has grown only marginally. In it's estimated that 4 billion people lived in urban areas, and 3. Future urbanization Projected urban shares to The past 50 years in particular have seen a rapid increase in rates of urbanization across the world.

Are these trends likely to continue?

The UN World Urbanization Prospects provides estimates of urban shares across the world through to Across all countries urban shares are projected to increase in the coming decades, although at varied rates. By , it's projected that 68 percent of the world's population will live in urban areas an increase from 54 percent in Sweden What is Currency of Algeria? Dinar What is the currency of Egypt? Pound What is the oldest currency in the world?

Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam. Capital of Kuwait is Kuwait city. Capital of Sierra Leon is Freetown. Capital of Iraq is Baghdad. Capital of Bhutan is Thimpu.

Capital of Zimbabwe is Harare. Capital of Cyprus is Nicosia.

Capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires. Capital of Canada is Ottawa. Capital of Sweden is Stockholm. Mynamar capital is Naypyidaw. Capital of Brazil is Brasilia.

Capital of Italy is Rome. Addis Ababa capital of Ethiopia. Capital of Zambia is Lusaka. Port Louis is capital of Mauritius. Seychelles is the capital of Port Victoria.Whilst these numbers seem large, it's important to put them in context of total land area. Trinidad and Tobago.

While a country can self-declare its developing status with the WTO, other member nations can challenge that member's declaration. GovernmentAdda Static Awareness Leave a comment. However, you have to notify the authorities if you intend to make trips in and out of the Schengen space.

Taka is the currency of Bangladesh. Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. However, it started its implementation more than two years later on 1 December Here we see that in the latest data, most countries across Asia and Latin America had between 10 to 30 percent of urban populations living in slum households some slightly higher.

Here we see clearly again that urbanization has largely been confined to the past years.

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