book reviews The investigation next jumps to the eleventh-century efforts of Gregory VII to impose celibacy not just continence upon clergy. It is located within the. The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare Printer-friendly version · PDF version. Book: The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare edited by: Geoffrey Parker. The-Cambridge-Illustrated-History-of-Warfare-The-Triumph-of-the- tisidelaso.ml - Download as PDF File .pdf) or read online.
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The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare: The Triumph of the. West. Edited by Geoffrey Parker. Cambridge: Cambridge University. Press. viii + pp. Now available in a revised and updated version, The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare provides a unique account of Western warfare. 'Highly polished and well illustrated, this book is a comprehensive history of the Western (European) way of war, spanning ancient Greece to today's modern.
The age of massed infantry 1.
The age of stone fortifications 4. The age of guns and sails 7. The age of mechanized warfare Murray Murray and Geoffrey Parker Epilogue: Notes Revised edition of: The Cambridge illustrated history of warfare. Includes bibliographical references pages and index.
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Dixson Library. University Library. What we don't get are the South American Wars of Liberation or more than a few lines on warfare in the period This is unfortunate, because this is not simply an issue of what to include when space is at a premium, but also the chronology and analysis that is offered. The history of Western warfare in the nineteenth century is of course generally dominated by the Napoleonic wars and the conflicts of , but that leads to a downplaying of the intervening period.
In particular, the counterinsurgency warfare in Latin America, and in Europe in the s - 40s has received insufficient attention, which is in line with a military history that places a premium on warfare between the regular forces of defined states. Industrialisation does not best describe campaigns such as the Austrian operations in Italy in or the Russian suppression of the Polish rising of the following year, a campaign in which over , Russian troops were deployed.
In , the effectiveness and strength of both the Austrian and the Russian military was demonstrated. Furthermore, it would be mistaken to exaggerate the conservatism of military thought and practice prior to the s. For example, partly as a consequence of their experience in Algeria, the French displayed an interest in new military techniques and ideas.
The Cambridge History of Warfare
The need to incorporate the 'non-West' is more complex than one of simply discussing China et al, although that is of great importance.
It is also important to devise analyses and categorisations that make sense in non-Western terms, a need that is not generally met. Any stress on variety is not a matter simply of recording an interesting diversity of military practice, but is, instead, crucial to the argument that different military practices and systems were appropriate in different parts of the world.
We are talking about the requirement for a rethinking of military history, and the construction of a new narrative and new analytical systems.
Doubtless inadequately, I have been trying to do this in a number of studies including War and the World, , War. This process of rethinking has not only to include the non-West but also to acknowledge the multiplicity of military tasking.
For example, most military history focuses on state to state conflict and, when it considers civil warfare, it does so by looking at examples, most prominently the American and English Civil Wars, that closely approximate to state to state conflict.
Thus, there is a lack of attention to insurgency and counterinsurgency warfare. Yet this is important. Civil conflict highlights the role of contingency and thus opens the way to the counterfactual speculations that are important when assessing the consequences of warfare, and that Parker very helpfully probed when he wrote on the likely consequences had Spanish forces landed in England in This counterfactualism is needed to contest the determinism that affects some of the 'new military history', which has moved away from operational history with its kaleidoscope of possibilities.
As an example of the importance of civil warfare, in Latin America since there has been state to state conflict, most obviously the Falklands War, but that has been far less important for military tasking than counterinsurgency and operations. This is an aspect of the social politics of the military that needs to be considered carefully. These politics tend to be downplayed because of a focus on the material culture of war, specifically the role of military technology. These are not simply general points, but also ones with particular applicability.
For example, discussion of warfare in the period is dominated by the Crimean War, the American Civil War, and the 'Wars of German unification'.
However, the notion of a linear continuum of 'progress' towards modern war in this period is dubious. Instead, a more complex dynamic is necessary, one that incorporates important cases of warfare that are largely ignored, either in terms of location Latin America or type insurgency and counterinsurgency.
There is an ethical issue - the need not to write out of history, by focusing elsewhere, many who fought and suffered; but also a powerful intellectual reason focusing on the weaknesses of the stereotypical account. In the Western world in this period, the potential to apply more resources was linked to their greater availability, thanks to demographic growth, industrialisation and militarization, and the utilisation of these through effective systems of recruitment, taxation and borrowing.
It was less clear how best to employ these forces, and this helps to account for interest in military science and theory, as did the intellectualisation of subjects in an age of increasingly self-conscious specialisation and professionalisation. Political and organisational changes were closely linked to military tasking and capability.
A comparison for example of the British capture of Manila in with that of Alexandria in reveals very different military systems. So does the very limited French presence in Madagascar and South-East Asia in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and their conquest of Madagascar and Indochina in the late nineteenth.
If modernity is to be approached in terms of mechanisation, then it is unclear why we should focus on a particular machine or group of machines. Why the tank and the plane and not the ironclad, or why the latter and not the great ocean-going wooden warships of earlier centuries? Found at these bookshops Searching - please wait We were unable to find this edition in any bookshop we are able to search. These online bookshops told us they have this item: Tags What are tags? Add a tag.
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The Cambridge History of Warfare
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Orange Library. Indeed, Parker's chapter on dynastic war between and is perhaps the best thing in the book, a masterly summary of all facets of the warfare of that time—tactics, logistics, weaponry, the rise of professional armies, uniforms, and the role of religion—as well as an excellent account of the State Library of South Australia. Barr Smith Library. James Cook University.